The cannabis plant, commonly known as hemp, has been under discussion by numerous researchers subjected to the plant’s benefits. Over the years, cannabidiol (CBD), a chemical found in cannabis, has gained popularity in the market for its therapeutic effects on humans and pets. However, lesser-known chemicals found in cannabis, such as cannabigerol or CBG, are also finding new spotlight due to their potential health benefits, among other things. In this article, we’ll dive deep into what CBG is and the CBG benefits for human health.
What Is CBG?
Cannabigerol or CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. The plant produces other cannabinoids such as cannabidiol (CBD) and tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). However, CBG is considered the parent molecule as all the other chemicals are derived from the acidic cannabigerol or CBGA.
Upon maturation, cannabis continues to take in UV rays that ultimately break down CBGA into THCA and CBDA. A process of decarboxylation takes place to remove the bonding of carboxylic molecules from the compound, leaving behind the pure forms of THC and CBD.
CBG Benefits on Human Health
Though discovered alongside THC in 1964, CBG’s small amount in the plant has contributed to the lack of research on the molecule. However, as the years go by with research in the cannabis space, CBG is receiving well-deserved attention. The main reason is that, so far, the study on CBG effects has shown massive outcomes in terms of health benefits, allowing the researchers to expect CBG to solve numerous diseases and problems related to human health.
The body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS) is responsible for regulating homeostasis within the body. It does so with the help of two types of receptors spread within the body: CB1 and CB2. CBG oil molecules can bind to both of these receptors, indicating that it affects the body’s system while also counteracting the effects of other cannabinoids.
Below mentioned are some CBG benefits for human health:
CBG Can Decreases Chances of Huntington’s Diseases
The neuroprotective properties found in CBG oil indicate that the compound can decrease the chances of Huntington’s disease. The disease is a condition where brain nerve cells start to break down, deteriorating the brain’s health. This condition can affect motor abilities, learning, memory, etc.
CBG benefits by protecting the brain cells from the chances of degeneration while also improving the motor abilities of the disease’s patients.
CBG Can Increase Focus
While being a neuroprotectant, CBG also aids in generating new nerve cells. This effect allows the brain to have a greater capacity for focus and attention. The sense of alertness usually decreases with time as a person ages. However, CBG can help slow down the process or completely inhibit it.
CBG Can Reduce Inflammation
Inflammation can often cause undesirable irritation within the body and can deteriorate cells. During the experiments of CBG conducted on mice, researchers found the compound to reduce the inflammation induced in mice’s colon. The combination also decreased the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the intestine and nitric oxide production.
These effects also indicate that CBG can help cure Inflammatory Bowel Disease (IBD), which refers to chronic inflammation in the bowel. Researchers believe the therapeutic properties of CBG and the reaction against inflammation can finally lead to a solution to this incurable disease prevalent in many individuals around the globe.
CBG Can Potentially Treat Glaucoma
Glaucoma is a common eye disease where the optic nerve that joins the eye with the brain becomes damaged due to high pressure. The optic nerve has its blood pressure, and the excess can lead to this condition. Glaucoma has resulted in permanent vision loss in many patients when not treated on time.
During the experiment, CBG effects increased the aqueous humor, the fluid in the eye responsible for maintaining eye pressure and providing necessary nutrition to the eye. This effect indicates that CBG benefits can help reduce the eye pressure that leads to optimum blood flow, decreasing the chances of optic nerve damage.
CBG May Help Fight Carcinogenic Cells
While observing the CBG effects in mice’s colon, researchers also found a blockage of the receptors that promote the growth of cancer cells. Besides that, CBG oil was also observed to inhibit the growth of other cancer cells in the colon. This research has led researchers to believe that CBG can fight off carcinogenic cells in the human body, though medical experts are still conducting in-depth studies on the effects.
CBG Supports Normal Stress Response
One of the most significant reasons behind the popularity of CBDs was the regulation of stress response. However, the same effect produced by CBG oil is found to be much more beneficial. Both the compounds work in stopping the decomposition of Gamma-Aminobutyric Acid, widely known as GABA, associated with controlling stress and anxiety.
How Is CBG Used?
The most common usage and consumption of CBG are observed by using CBG oil. Although the pure form of CBG benefits in the most effective way, the pure chemical extract is costly and rarely found. Therefore, the market’s filled with broad-spectrum oils.
Broad-spectrum oils have all the cannabinoids, excluding THC (a psychoactive compound that causes intoxication). When the effects of cannabinoids are combined, they are found to be more effective.
CBG is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid, indicating that the compound would never take its consumer into a state of intoxication. The chemical is also believed to be advantageous for human health. However, a lack of research, especially on actual humans, indicates numerous other beneficial CBG effects that we aren’t aware of.
Apart from the lack of research, the small amount of CBG extracted from cannabis plants also creates a shortage of the compound on a mass level. The production of broad-spectrum oils, therefore, helps in the mass level distribution and availability of CBG, even if it’s not in its purest form.
Despite these issues, CBG has proved to be a preferred cannabinoid, slowly penetrating the health and wellness market. CBG oil is being used for massages and skincare in salons and spas, thanks to its therapeutic effect. With substantial research in the arena and insights, researchers believe they will find CBG benefits beyond the health of humans.