Cannabigerol (CBG) is one type of Cannabinoid found in cannabis plants. Even though one of the most famous cannabinoids is cannabidiol (CBD), known for its health benefits worldwide, there has recently been an increased interest in the potential benefits of CBG.
An interesting find is that the CBG is considered the originator of other cannabinoids. It is mainly because CBG-A, an acidic form of CBG, breaks down to form CBG, CBD, THC, and CBC when it is heated.
Like CBD, CBG is also being used to fight pain without having any intoxicating effects on people of cannabinoids like THC.
Let’s get into what the significant health benefits of CBG are!
How Is CBG Made?
CBG is originated from young cannabis plants. It is because they have more amounts of CBG as compared to the fully developed ones. The familiar strains of cannabis that have CBG are Super Glue CBG, White CBG, Jack Frost CBG, etc. These are made exclusively to produce CBG in large quantities.
The more developed the plant is – the lesser the quantities of CBG. Since there is difficulty getting CBG – cannabis growers have been experimenting with cross-breeding and genetic manipulation to help grow more CBG.
How does CBG Works?
CBG, as compared to other cannabinoids, is found in smaller quantities in the cannabis plant. For example, there is as little as 1% of CBG in most plant strains than the higher amount, such as 20% to 30% of CBD or THC.
Consumer products derived from the Cannabinoid are rare and often expensive. However, CBG has become increasingly popular and has a list of great potential benefits.
The body’s endocannabinoid system processes CBG. This system is made up of particles and receptors in the body responsible for keeping it in a healthy state regardless of what happens outside.
The body has two types of cannabinoid receptors known as CN1 and CB2. CB1 is found in the brain and the nervous system, while the CB2 receptors are found in the body’s immune system and many other areas.
By binding these two receptors together – it strengthens the function of anandamide, a neurotransmitter in regulating sleep, giving pain relief and enhancing motivation and pleasure to a great extent.
Potential Benefits Of CBG
CBG is used to fight against pain, and while doing so, it does not intoxicate you or has effects of cannabinoids like THC.
Here are some of the most promising health benefits of CBG:
Inflammatory Bowel Disease
IBF is when there is chronic inflammation in the bowel area – this problem is common among people worldwide. It is known to be incurable. However, an experimental study conducted on mice in 2013 shows the benefits of CBG on inflammatory bowel disease.
The experiment showed CBG reduced inflammation and the production of nitric oxide. In addition to this, it showed the reduced formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the intestines.
Researchers over the years have found that CBG has therapeutic potential for the treatment of glaucoma. For example, a study conducted on cats indicated a reduction of eye pressure on the cat and an increased aqueous humor outflow, a fluid produced by the eye that helps maintain eye pressure and gives the eye nutrition.
A study conducted in 2015 showed that five different cannabinoids help with the contractions of the bladder. CBG was the one with the most promising results.
Huntington’s is a condition that causes a breakdown of the nerve cells in the brain. A study conducted on mice in 2015 suggests that CBG has the potential for neuroprotective properties and other cannabinoids.
The observations were such: CBG acted as a neuroprotectant, helped protect the nerve cells from damage, and improved motor deficits.
A study conducted in 2020 on the antibiotic potential of cannabis – it was found that CBG has some antibacterial properties.
A study conducted on rats in 2014 observed the effects of CBG on rats that had colon cancer. The results indicated that CBG did block the cancer cells’ growth. It was then suggested that CBG should help cure or prevent colon cancer.
How To Use CBG?
The most common way to use CBG is in the form of oil. The benefits can be reaped using pure CBG oil, but the products are on the pricier side because these are rare.
What Are The Side Effects?
There is not much known about CBG oil or its other forms. As for now, it is well tolerated by the animals that it is tested on. However, there is not enough research to suggest the side effect on humans.
The Bottom Line?
Even though there is limited research on CBG – it is becoming increasingly popular. While it has a list of potential benefits, there is no research on how it will react when taken with other medications. If you wish to get the benefits of CBG, the safest option would be to get the oil but consult your healthcare provider first as they are aware of your medical history and will guide you better.